Tuesday, June 14, 2011

The Pantograph

A pantograph is a mechanical linkage connected in a special manner based on parallelograms so that the movement of one pen, in tracing an image, produces identical movements in a second pen.

If a line drawing is traced by the first point, an identical, enlarged or miniaturized copy will be drawn by a pen fixed to the other. The pantograph was invented by Cristoph Scheiner.

This is a Java Applet created using GeoGebra from www.geogebra.org - it looks like you don't have Java installed, please go to www.java.com

The applet above demonstrates how the pantograph works.  Move the blue point (hinge) and draw any shape. 

1.) What do you observe?
2.) What is the relationship between the blue figure and red figure?
3.) Justify your answer in 2.
4.) Prove that your answer in 2 will always hold.

Download the Applet

Related Links:

Source: Text Source Wikipedia

1 comment:

  1. A lovely applet thanks but as it stands the transformation will be a non-linear one as the yellow, blue and red points are not collinear. Please take a look at various pantograph designs at: